May 6, 2014

What to Expect

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Vicar Steve saying a few words during a service.

 

Going to an Episcopal Church or any church at all for the first time may feel a little strange and intimidating. We want you to be able to relax and feel welcome and able to participate as you choose. Here is a guide to some of what you might expect if you go to a worship service at St. John’s

Gathering (Getting there, getting settled, getting ready for church)

We at St. John’s want you to come as you are, whether that be in shorts or a suit/skirt. You’ll see both during the summer time. The most important thing is that you feel like you’re dressed in a way that best shows respect for God.

It’s good to arrive a few minutes before the service so you can get yourself settled. There will be ushers in the entryway who will give you a bulletin which will guide you through the service. You can sit anywhere you would like. Sometimes new people will sit in the back just to check things out. Those of us who are short may like to sit nearer to the front so we can see! In addition to the bulletin, there will often be various books in racks in front of you in the pews. You will see red or black copies of the Book of Common Prayer, which is abbreviated in the bulletin as the BCP. This book has various portions of the service in it. Your bulletin will usually give you page numbers to find those sections as a cross reference, although all of the information and text needed for the service will be in your bulletin. You will also see a dark blue book called “The Hymnal 1982” which has lots of music in it.

A few minutes before the service, the priest will invite the organist or a guest musician to play some music called the Prelude. It is meant to help us gather ourselves and prepare for the service. Regardless of the performer, the prelude is almost always instrumental at St. John’s.

After the prelude, we usually start with a song from the hymnal that everyone sings while standing. During the opening hymn, there will be a procession of liturgical ministers, people who have specific jobs to do during the service. Usually, the procession is led by the cross down the center aisle, and you may see people bowing to the cross as it passes by as a gesture of respect.

Once the song is over, the presider (the priest leading the service) and the congregation (everyone else) say the Opening Acclamation, which is a formal way of greeting one another. Then there may be a short piece of music praising God or asking for God’s mercy. (Music like this which is a piece of the service is sometimes found in the front of the Hymnal in a section where all the number are preceded by “S” which stands for Service Music.) The presider will say a prayer called a Collect which is meant to collect us and our thoughts together as the centerpiece of our gathering that day.

The Liturgy of the Word (Readings, sermon, statements of faith, prayers of the community)

We all sit down to hear readings. Most of the time there is a reading from the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament); a psalm; a reading from the Christian Scriptures (New Testament) and a reading from the Gospels. These readings are part of a set “lectionary” which assigns readings for every Sunday on a three year cycle. Members of the congregation usually read the Old and New Testament readings. The psalm, which is usually omitted from the 9:00 service, is normally said or sung by everyone while standing.

Because the Gospel, the stories of Jesus’ life and death, are central to our faith, that reading gets “special treatment.” Normally an alleluia, or some song welcoming the Gospel is sung and the Gospel book is brought into the middle of the congregation and read by either a deacon or a priest. Everyone stands for this reading and turns and faces the Gospel Book.
During the Gospel readings, you might see members of the congregation making a small cross with their thumb or fingers on their head, mouth, and heart. This is to remind ourselves to let the word of God be on our mind, lips, and heart.

Following the Gospel a sermon is preached, usually by a priest (but on occasion it might be a lay person). The sermon is meant to take what we have heard in the readings and engage those learnings with our current lives.

After the sermon, the next several pieces of the service provide a way for us to respond to what we have heard. Because we are actively responding, we stand up after reflecting on the sermon for a few moments. We then say the Nicene Creed, an ancient statement of faith used by most Christian churches which binds us together with Christians of all generations. Afterwards, we pray the Prayers of the People. These prayers are a series of petitions led by a member of St. John’s with a response by the entire congregation at the end of each one. The petitions include prayers for the Church, the world, the nation, prayers of celebration for birthdays and anniversaries, petitions for those who are sick, and prayers of respect for those who have died. The presider concludes these prayers with a collect, once again “collecting” our prayers.

After the prayers during most of the year we say the Confession (the confession is sometimes omitted during very celebratory seasons of the year). The confession is an opportunity to confess together the ways we have not loved God or others. Sometimes people kneel for the confession as a sign of their penitence. At the conclusion of the confession, the presider says the absolution, words reminding us that God forgives our sins.

The presider then bids “The Peace.” This can be a particularly awkward moment for people who are newcomers or visitors. What we are doing is ritually enacting our need to be in right relationship with one another before we go to communion. We do that by saying “Peace be with you” to one another. People may shake hands or embrace each other. You can greet the people right around you. We sometimes forget the ritual we are enacting and devolve into more casual greetings and other conversation because we are so glad to see each other! A bell will ring after a minute or two to signal the end of The Peace.

At St. John’s the Peace is followed by announcements. This is not a formal part of the service, but it is a chance to let people know what is going on in the community and how to get involved.

The Liturgy of the Table (collecting gifts, getting our meal ready and praying over it, sharing bread and wine/grape juice)

Offertory

A collection of money is taken at this point. Often a piece of music is sung or played while the collection is being taken. Our offerings symbolize both our bringing of ourselves to worship and our support of the life of the community. It is fine for you to put whatever amount of money in or to put in nothing at all. (You may wonder why so many people don’t put anything in. There are many reasons, of course, but one big one is that many church members make their financial contributions in ways other than putting it in the plate, i.e. through credit card deductions, monthly checks, etc. ) The bread and wine/grape juice we will use for communion and the money that has been collected are brought to the Altar Table and the liturgical ministers set the Table for Communion.

Eucharistic Prayer

The presider prays an extended prayer. It starts with a dialogue between the presider and congregation called the Sursum Corda (literally “lift up your hearts”). The presider then praises God for God’s action in our lives. This initial section can in some cases be specific to the season we are in. This selection concludes with the Sanctus “Holy, holy, holy”, a response normally sung by the entire congregation. The prayer continues with a retelling of the story of the Last Supper and the presider asking the Holy Spirit to come into the bread and wine/grape juice and into us. At the end of the prayer we all say Amen, which our way of assenting to the prayer. We stand at the beginning of the Eucharistic Prayer. After the sanctus, you may kneel or continue standing. Different Episcopal communities have different sensibilities around this; in some places most people stand, in others, most people kneel. Either one is totally fine. At St. John’s, many people continue to stand, although a sizable minority kneel.

At the end of the Eucharistic Prayer everyone prays the Lord’s Prayer. Then the presider breaks a piece of the bread, symbolizing Christ’s body being broken for us. Words, called the Fraction Anthem, are either spoken or sung at this point that reflect the actions taking place. Once the bread and wine/grape juice are ready the presider invites people to the meal.

Receiving Communion

People generally come forward and stand or kneel at the altar to receive communion. St. John’s has ushers that will invite each row to go to the altar. At St. John’s, we invite anyone who is seeking God to receive communion. The bread is gluten free, and wine in the silver chalice or grape juice in the glass chalice is offered.

If you don’t want to receive communion that is totally fine. You can remain in your seat, or you can also come forward and cross your arms over your chest. The priest will offer you a blessing instead of communion.

If you do want to receive, hold out your hands and the priest will put a piece of bread in your hand. Then another liturgical minister will come with the cup of wine in the silver chalice. There are few choices here. You can eat the bread when it is put in your hand and then take a sip of wine from the cup. It is okay and actually helpful for you to touch the cup and help guide it to your mouth. If you don’t want to drink from the cup, you can also dip the bread in the wine and then place it in your mouth. If you prefer the grape juice to the wine, that is equally acceptable. It is also totally fine to receive only the bread or only the wine/grape juice; either is considered a full receiving of communion. There are many reasons people might want to receive only one so don’t feel self-conscious about that. Once you have received, wait until all the individuals at the alter have received communion. Once the priest dismisses you, simply return to your seat. Often music is sung during or near the end of communion.

After Communion (giving thanks, being sent forth)

After everyone had received communion we all stand and say a prayer written in your bulletin. The priest then asks God to bless us. Another song is usually sung by everyone at this point, during which the liturgical ministers process out. The members of the congregation turn around in their seats so that they continue to face the cross. At the very end we are dismissed by a deacon or priest, and sent out into the world, at which point the service is over.

Often there is an instrumental postlude played. It is fine to stand up and leave your seat at this point or you may want to remain and listen to the music. Once the service is concluded people can spend some time talking with each other. Between the 9:00AM and 11:00AM Sunday services, there is a coffee hour where people can mingle with one another. People leaving customarily greet the priest at the door and you might want to introduce yourself as a newcomer.

Every church is a little different, but this reflects what usually happens in the majority of Episcopal churches. We hope you will feel comfortable enough to try it out here at St. John’s!

Special thanks to the The Episcopal Diocese of Olympia for providing the foundation of this webpage.